Bunion surgery is the operation performed to correct the deformity caused by a bunion. A bunion(aka the hallux vagus) is a deformity caused by the enlargement of the bone or tissue around a joint at the base of the big toe or the smallest toe. This small toe bunion is often called a bunionette or a tailor’s bunion. Bunions form mostly in women due to frequent use of tight, high heeled shoes. Bunions can also be inherited as a family trait or as a result of arthritis.
Bunions may cause pain and swelling, cause deformity in the toe, big toe drifts towards the smaller ones, inability to bend or straighten the big toe, shoes stop fitting. Your doctor might suggest you wear comfortable shoes with customised splints and orthotics. But if the bunion is too painful or the inflammation or swelling does not relieve with medication or rest and is causing functional problems, then you will need surgery.
If your doctor suggests surgery, there are different techniques at the disposal of a surgeon. They are-